Organic acids are known for their antibacterial activity.
One such product is lauric acid which is among the most potent medium chain fatty acids. By esterifying lauric acid with glycerol, monolaurate is obtained. The esterification also enhances the antibacterial activity compared to the corresponding fatty acid.
Lauric acid is the natural fatty acid present in breast milk. It provides the suckling the first barrier against microbial attack.